Trustworthy Systems

Modelling and verifying the AODV routing protocol


Rob van Glabbeek, Peter Hoefner, Marius Portmann and Wee Lum Tan



University of Queensland


This paper presents a formal specification of the Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol using AWN (Algebra for Wireless Networks), a recent process algebra which has been tailored for the modelling of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks and Wireless Mesh Network protocols. Our formalisation models the exact details of the core functionality of AODV, such as route discovery, route maintenance and error handling. We demonstrate how AWN can be used to reason about critical protocol properties by providing detailed proofs of loop freedom and route correctness.

BibTeX Entry

    author           = {van Glabbeek, Robert and H\"ofner, Peter and Portmann, Marius and Tan, Wee Lum},
    doi              = {10.1007/s00446-015-0262-7},
    journal          = {Distributed Computing},
    keywords         = {wireless mesh networks; mobile ad-hoc networks; routing protocols; aodv; process algebra; awn; loop
    month            = aug,
    number           = {4},
    pages            = {279--315},
    paperurl         = {},
    title            = {Modelling and Verifying the {AODV} Routing Protocol},
    volume           = {29},
    year             = {2016}